Sahana Background

Information provided as part of our Sahana deployment.


This project aims to deploy a disaster management system for the May 2006 Jogjakarta Earthquake[1]. The system will be operated by the Indonesian Whitewater Association(IWA) and Indonesian Rescue Source (IRS). It is sponsored by the Communications Technologies Board of the ACS[2] with technical support by UrRemote[3].


Origin of the Project

In early 2006 there were signs that the Mount Merapi volcano near Yogyakarta in Central Java, Indonesia, may erupt. The Australian Computer Society asked UrRemote to prepare a report on the feasibility of deploying a computer system to assist with relief coordination in the event of an eruption.

The report "Deploying Sahana For The Merapi Eruption"[4], indicated that such a system was feasible. The report was completed just as the Yogyakarta earthquake occurred. The ACS therefore sponsored further work for the system to be deployed for earthquake relief.

Indonesian Whitewater Association (IWA) and Indonesian Rescue Source (IRS) have experience in rescue work [5] and were undertaking relief support for the eathquake. A plan was therefore devised for IWA/IRS to deploy the system, with techncial support from UrRemote, and assistance by ACS.

Initiator : Tom Worthington, Dr Ken Taylor & Dr Teddy Mantoro

Operational Team:

Gajah Rachmat Karsono (Coordinator of the Sahana deployment)
Teddy Mantoro (Liaison Officer in Canberra)
Pudji Astuti (Liaison Officer in Jogja)
Luki Lusiano (IT support in Bali)
Made Joni Arta (IT support in Bali)
Made Ady Dharmadi (IT support in Bali)

Sponsor and Technical Advice:
Tom Worthington (Director of Communications Technologies, ACS)

ACS Communications Technologies Board

The ACS[6] is an association for Information & Communications Technology (ICT) professionals. The Communications Technologies Board[7]of the ACS deals with all aspects of communications technology, including Internet and mobile phones. The board provides representatives to international telecommunications committees. As part of its commitment to the wider community to ensure the beneficial use of ICT, the ACS is sponsoring this work on the use of the Internet for disaster management. Work is also being undertaken for a bird flu pandemic[8].


UrRemote[9] aims to offer opportunites for students of Udayana University, Bali to engage in internationally relevant research, engage in commercially sponsored research and development and gain experience in working remotely with overseas; principally Australian organisations.

UrRemote Service
As the IT support in Bali, the team of UrRemote try to give some service for the implementation of Sahana in Yogyakarta. The description of the service that we are willing to do are:

  • Prepare the hosting process for the Sahana imlementation
  • Be as the data center for the Sahana implemention
  • Prepare the instalation process for the Sahana implementation and working remotely from Bali by using UltraVNC Single-Click to install the Sahana at the computer in Yogyakarta
  • Help the team in Yogyakarta for Sahana troubleshooting
  • Provide language translation from English to (Bahasa) Indonesia
  • Assist with data input to the sahana database
  • And other help that related with Sahana implementation

Indonesian Whitewater Association and Indonesian Rescue Source

IWA (Indonesian Whitewater Association) and IRS (Indonesian Rescue Source) are rescue organisations in Indonesia and are nongoverment bodies. IWA is formed in 1998 and IRS is founded in 2003.

IWA have competencies for emergency rescue such as SAR operation and handling flood disaster in Indonesia. Since 2000, all instructors in IWA have certificate from Rescue 3 Australia and from Emergency Rescue of Indonesia. The director of IWA is Gajah Rachmat.

IRS is an organisation with primary duty of building networks with all rescue organisations in Indonesia. The director of IRS is Agus Mulyono, and the project manager of IRS for Disaster Management is Gajah Rachmat.

IWA and IRS is aiming to build networks with all organisation in the world to deal with the disaster management in Indonesia, e.g. earthquake, flooding, tsunami.

Indonesian Whitewater Association and Indonesian Rescue Source are asssisting with a team in Yogyakarta. Until day 4 of the Jogjakarta earthquake, crews of IWA and IRS have already made accesibility to open remote area in north Jogjakarta and we have already published all the information about the rescue area. At present, we are still making plans for recovery and recontruction phase after the emergency phase.

The Problem is that after the disaster we do not have a disaster management system to be applied. That is why IWA and IRS need your support and assistance to apply Sahana disaster management system in this Jogjakarta’s disaster.


Yogyakarta (also Jogjakarta in pre-1972 spelling or Jogja) is a city and province on the island of Java, Indonesia. It is the only province in Indonesia that is still formally governed by a precolonial Sultanate, the Sultanate of Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat. The city is known as a center of classical Javanese fine art and culture such as batik, ballet, drama, music, poetry and puppet shows. It is also famous as a center for Indonesian higher education. The official name of the Yogyakarta province is Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY). The city of Yogyakarta is the capital of the province. Taken from Yogyakarta Wikipedia


Sahana means "Relief" in Sinhalese.
As the name itself implies, Sahana is a free and open source Disaster Management System. It mainly facilitates management of

  • Missing Person Registry

Helping to reduce trauma by effectively finding missing persons
  • Organization Registry

Coordinating and balancing the distribution of relief organizations in the affected areas and connecting relief groups allowing them to operate as one

  • Request Management System

Registering and Tracking all incoming requests for support and relief upto fullfilment and helping donors connect to relief requirements

  • Camp Registry

Tracking the location and numbers of victims in the various camps and temporary shelters setup all around the affected area