Sahana Jogja Agenda

Emergency Phase

Emergency Mapping

The emergency mapping can be done by using the google earth function for the map. The emergency mapping is like a mapping process that maps the emergency area for the disaster management.
By using the google earth function, the user can map all the area that is needed for the emergency management. The google map has to be focused on the Yogyakarta region and we can pinpoint the camp location of emergency area. And give some name for that area for the identification process. The mapping data can be stored in the database by using some SQL function to store all the mapping data.

Emergency Management

The emergency management can be done by using the Sahana disaster management function. The Sahana system has all the function that is required for the emergency management. It mainly facilitates management of:

  • Missing Person Registry

Helping to reduce trauma by effectively finding missing persons

  • Organization Registry

Coordinating and balancing the distribution of relief organizations in the affected areas and connecting relief groups allowing them to operate as one

  • Request Management System

Registering and Tracking all incoming requests for support and relief upto fullfilment and helping donors connect to relief requirements

  • Camp Registry
Tracking the location and numbers of victims in the various camps and temporary shelters setup all around the affected area

This emergency management can be done by use that facilities depends on the emergency activity. All the data of emergency management can be stored in the Sahana database system.

Communication Management

Manage all the communication with all the teams that work on disaster management. There are two communication process in this disaster management, the communication between the teams in the disaster area (Yogyakarta) and the communication between the team consolidations among members in Jogja, Jakarta, Canberra and Bali.
The communication process among the team in disaster area (Yogyakarta) can be managed by using mobile phone.
The communication process among the team consolidations in Yogyakarta, Jakarta, Canberra, and Bali can be managed by using the internet facility.
The communication process should be well managed to promote the success of disaster management. Furthermore, the better managed communication process will result in a better data and information flow between the teams in Bali, Jogja, Jakarta and Canberra and thus enables all information to be received by all parties involved.

Provide Medical Assistance and Manage Injuries

Rescued the people who still alive indeed to be the main target of any help from the team's reinforcement health that was coordinated by Satkorlak DIY Jogjakarta. Several teams from overseas, experienced communication problem (language), but they were helped by several translators from the local students and the foreign students that worked and study in Jogjakarta so as in determining the diagnosis and the help action did not experience the big problem. This is different with the Malaysian health team that worked more quickly because they are not experiencing with the language barier.

All the related health was under the coordination of Dr Andy (081314959588) from the Department of Health Jogjakarta, including the coordination of medical assistance from overseas.

Medical help from overseas was

  1. Malaysia:  medicine, equipment rescue and medical team (50 people). 
2. Poland: built temporal hospital in the field and medical team (16 people).
3. Saudi Arabia: medicine and medical equipments.
4. Qatar: built temporal medical service in the field and medical team (27 people).
5. India: medicine.
6. Germany: medicine.
7. South of Korea: medicine, medical team (15 people) and 19 people volunteers .
8. Thailand: medicine and medical team (49 people).
9. Turkey: medicine and a medical Team.
10. Cuba: medicine and medical Team totally 170 people.

Several problems/hindrances are as below: Emergency facilities in each hospital are not the same so all injured people is lined up in the open field in the hospital yard. The volunteers tried to do the best to minimise the injured people get serious problem or shock by establishing emergency tents for the protection of the injured people. Many of them who were sick, on the day and night were treated on founded grass mat, that’s the physical condition descended. This situation will be different if they used camping mattress to maintain their body temperature.

System picked up the ball to treat the victim in the remote area such as the Bantul and Klaten Regency also got the hindrance accessibility but this continued to be done by all the teams of the volunteer and the government.

The urgent need at this stage was the construction of tents for medical assistance including the provisions of medicine facilities and the medical team in the remote areas that were difficult to be reached the emergency period in 3-5 months time.

Food and Distribution Facilities

The food distribution has problems since Day 1. Apart of that problem, the accessibility of the area that heavily broken and food collection from the community was really not equitable. Even though, some areas accepted help of food excessively every day and so be thrown away with no use, while the other area did not receive any food at all.

Some of the community organizations that came to the ground, did not fully understand the situation on the ground because indeed they did not have official reference from the government where their help will be distributed. This situation makes their help is flowed quickly but not equitable.

Several of NGOs that knew and well SAR training worked more effective and faster than the government action. For example, in the Teluk Village in the Klaten Regency almost 75% of the house was collapsing and on the day 4 succeeded in being covered by some NGOs.

The requirement in the emergency stage:

 1. The development of the public's kitchens. 
2. The provisions of the raw material more important than sent in the form of were ready to eat.
3. The distribution to the location
4. Management of each villages was coordinated by NGO co-operated with the Local Regional Government

The organization such as “HUMANITY against HUNGER” was mapping the area that must have attention for their food program. Clean water facilities did not often face the hindrance because the casualties made the well or still can be used from the old well.

Educations Facilities

According to the Satkorlak data, 80 percent of the educational facilities heavily broken. This situation can be disturbing for the next generation of Jogjakarta people. From our collected data, currently the teachers and the volunteers tried hard to carry out their teaching activity back as quickly as possible by making tents and they continued to be able to study, even in the open air.

The education requirement in the emergency stage:

 1. The big tent (12 x 24 meter) with the iron construction that could remain for 6-12 months. 
This kind of school tent can be made 4 – 6 tents for every school so that the learning
    activity can be carry out.
2. The seats and the tables
3. The books and others study equipments
4. Lighting for the school tent

Housing and Shelters Facilities for homeless survivors

The victim from seismic areas (the area of the earthquake fracture), currently lived in tents. The tents were developed with also help of NGO, several the donor countries and also the communities. They construct tents for temporary shelters. At the day time, they tried to gather materials that still can be used to rebuild their house, at the recovery and reconstruction stage.

However, on the north regions such as Klaten regency, people still survival and urgently need help, especially for their shelters. Triangle camping tents, about 3 X 6 meters and 3 meters high, would very effective to cover them from sun shine, rain and recurrence earthquake.

In emergency stage, the victim is expected to be alive and survive. The needs for this stage are as below:

 1. The tent with the mat that can be used for 6 months, until they  came back to their new house. 
This kind of tents can be distributed for each family that could accommodate for 6-8 people.
2. Tents for the public's kitchen for every 25 families.
3. Supply the raw food material and the cooking process for 6 months.

Recovery and Rehabilitation Phase

This Phase will take about 6 Months after Emergency Phase.

  1. Housing Facility
2. Infrastructure facility
3. Health Facility
4. Economic Facility (helping people back to work, such as prepare for seed, muld,
     fertiliser for farmer)

Reconstruction Phase

This phase will take place after Recovery and Rehabilitation Phase.

  1. Housing Facilities
2. Infrastructure Facilities
3. Health and Social Service Facilities

This phase aims is for permanent recovery and rehabilitation when the same disaster come over again, in this case for earthquake mitigations. For example, in designing infrastucture such as bridge, highway, house, to resistance for other earthquake.

Mitigation Phase

This phase will be implemented after Reconstruction Phase. The Mitigation Phase is the proactive acts of the recurrence disaster .

Mitigation phase is when we accept the fact that Jogjakarta and the surroundings are in ‘the earthquake area’, so we should prepare the area to cope with it by building infrastuctures and economic plans which support it.

  1. Earthquake resistance buildings
2. Develop Economic conditon whoch resistant to earthquake disaster
3. Etc.

Preparedness for Recurrence of the Disaster

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